跳转至

录制并生成测试用例

抓包http请求和response

写用例之前,我们应该熟悉API的详细信息。建议使用抓包工具Charles或AnyProxy进行抓包。 抓包配置可以参考:Android https抓包指南

抓包示例,如下图所示: img.png

导出HAR文件

我们可以选择捕获的请求和响应,并将会话导出到Har文件 img_1.png img_2.png

har2case生成用例

可以使用命令har2case将Har文件转成测试用例。

帮助

$ har2case -h
用法: har2case har2case [-h] [-2y] [-2j] [--filter FILTER]
                         [--exclude EXCLUDE]
                         [har_source_file]

positional arguments:
  har_source_file       Specify HAR source file

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -2y, --to-yml, --to-yaml
                        转换成YAML格式,如果未指定,默认转未pytest格式。
  -2j, --to-json        转换成JSON格式,如果未指定,默认转未pytest格式。
  --filter FILTER       指定过滤关键词, 只转换过滤器包含的URL。
  --exclude EXCLUDE     指定排除关键词, 包含排除关键脆的URL不会被转换, 多个关键词可以用'|'隔开。

生成测试用例(pytest)

HttpRunner 3.0.7版本开始,har2case将HAR文件默认转换成pytest,强烈建议以pytest格式而不是以前的YAML / JSON格式编写和维护测试用例。

$ har2case har/postman-echo-post-form.har
2020-06-15 15:08:01.187 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.core:gen_testcase:332 - Start to generate testcase from har/postman-echo-post-form.har
2020-06-15 15:08:01.187 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.core:_make_testcase:323 - Extract info from HAR file and prepare for testcase.
2020-06-15 15:08:01.191 | INFO     | httprunner.loader:load_dot_env_file:130 - Loading environment variables from /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/.env
2020-06-15 15:08:01.191 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:32 - Set OS environment variable: USERNAME
2020-06-15 15:08:01.191 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:32 - Set OS environment variable: PASSWORD
2020-06-15 15:08:01.193 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:310 - start to make testcase: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/har/postman-echo-post-form.har
2020-06-15 15:08:01.193 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:383 - generated testcase: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py
2020-06-15 15:08:01.194 | INFO     | httprunner.make:format_pytest_with_black:147 - format pytest cases with black ...
reformatted /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py
All done! ✨ 🍰 ✨
1 file reformatted.
2020-06-15 15:08:01.469 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.core:gen_testcase:353 - generated testcase: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py

生成的pytest文件是标准的python文件,如下所示:

# NOTE: Generated By HttpRunner v3.0.12
# FROM: har/postman-echo-post-form.har

from httprunner import HttpRunner, Config, Step, RunRequest, RunTestCase


class TestCasePostmanEchoPostForm(HttpRunner):
    config = Config("testcase description").verify(False)

    teststeps = [
        Step(
            RunRequest("/get")
            .get("https://postman-echo.com/get")
            .with_params(**{"foo1": "bar1", "foo2": "bar2"})
            .with_headers(
                **{
                    "User-Agent": "PostmanRuntime/7.24.1",
                    "Accept": "*/*",
                    "Cache-Control": "no-cache",
                    "Postman-Token": "6606343b-10e5-4165-a89f-6c301b762ce0",
                    "Host": "postman-echo.com",
                    "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate, br",
                    "Connection": "keep-alive",
                    "Cookie": "sails.sid=s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU",
                }
            )
            .with_cookies(
                **{
                    "sails.sid": "s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU"
                }
            )
            .validate()
            .assert_equal("status_code", 200)
            .assert_equal('headers."Content-Type"', "application/json; charset=utf-8")
            .assert_equal(
                "body.url", "https://postman-echo.com/get?foo1=bar1&foo2=bar2"
            )
        ),
        Step(
            RunRequest("/post")
            .post("https://postman-echo.com/post")
            .with_headers(
                **{
                    "User-Agent": "PostmanRuntime/7.24.1",
                    "Accept": "*/*",
                    "Cache-Control": "no-cache",
                    "Postman-Token": "3e408e9d-25ca-4b31-b04b-7f4898a8cd49",
                    "Host": "postman-echo.com",
                    "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate, br",
                    "Connection": "keep-alive",
                    "Content-Type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
                    "Content-Length": "19",
                    "Cookie": "sails.sid=s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU",
                }
            )
            .with_cookies(
                **{
                    "sails.sid": "s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU"
                }
            )
            .with_data({"foo1": "bar1", "foo2": "bar2"})
            .validate()
            .assert_equal("status_code", 200)
            .assert_equal('headers."Content-Type"', "application/json; charset=utf-8")
            .assert_equal("body.data", "")
            .assert_equal("body.url", "https://postman-echo.com/post")
        ),
    ]


if __name__ == "__main__":
    TestCasePostmanEchoPostForm().test_start()

可以使用命令hrunpytest运行,实际上,hrunpytest的封装,效果基本相同。

$ hrun har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py  
2020-06-15 15:23:03.502 | INFO     | httprunner.loader:load_dot_env_file:130 - Loading environment variables from /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/.env
2020-06-15 15:23:03.502 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:32 - Set OS environment variable: USERNAME
2020-06-15 15:23:03.502 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:32 - Set OS environment variable: PASSWORD
2020-06-15 15:23:03.503 | INFO     | httprunner.make:format_pytest_with_black:147 - format pytest cases with black ...
All done! ✨ 🍰 ✨
1 file left unchanged.
2020-06-15 15:23:03.662 | INFO     | httprunner.cli:main_run:56 - start to run tests with pytest. HttpRunner version: 3.0.12
====================================================================== test session starts ======================================================================
platform darwin -- Python 3.7.5, pytest-5.4.2, py-1.8.1, pluggy-0.13.1
rootdir: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo
plugins: metadata-1.9.0, allure-pytest-2.8.16, html-2.1.1
collected 1 item                                                                                                                                                

har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py .                                                                                                                      [100%]

======================================================================= 1 passed in 2.60s =======================================================================
$ pytest har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py 
====================================================================== test session starts ======================================================================
platform darwin -- Python 3.7.5, pytest-5.4.2, py-1.8.1, pluggy-0.13.1
rootdir: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo
plugins: metadata-1.9.0, allure-pytest-2.8.16, html-2.1.1
collected 1 item                                                                                                                                                

har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py .                                                                                                                      [100%]

================================================================= 1 passed, 1 warning in 4.11s ==================================================================

生成测试用例(YAML/JSON)

当然,你也可以生成YAML/JSON测试用例。 只需要在har2case命令后 添加-2y/--to-yml-2j/--to-json

$ har2case har/postman-echo-post-form.har -2j
2020-06-15 15:32:02.955 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.core:gen_testcase:332 - Start to generate testcase from har/postman-echo-post-form.har
2020-06-15 15:32:02.955 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.core:_make_testcase:323 - Extract info from HAR file and prepare for testcase.
2020-06-15 15:32:02.958 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.utils:dump_json:122 - dump testcase to JSON format.
2020-06-15 15:32:02.959 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.utils:dump_json:131 - Generate JSON testcase successfully: har/postman-echo-post-form.json
2020-06-15 15:32:02.959 | INFO     | httprunner.ext.har2case.core:gen_testcase:353 - generated testcase: har/postman-echo-post-form.json
{
    "config": {
        "name": "testcase description",
        "variables": {},
        "verify": false
    },
    "teststeps": [
        {
            "name": "/get",
            "request": {
                "url": "https://postman-echo.com/get",
                "params": {
                    "foo1": "bar1",
                    "foo2": "bar2"
                },
                "method": "GET",
                "cookies": {
                    "sails.sid": "s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU"
                },
                "headers": {
                    "User-Agent": "PostmanRuntime/7.24.1",
                    "Accept": "*/*",
                    "Cache-Control": "no-cache",
                    "Postman-Token": "6606343b-10e5-4165-a89f-6c301b762ce0",
                    "Host": "postman-echo.com",
                    "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate, br",
                    "Connection": "keep-alive",
                    "Cookie": "sails.sid=s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU"
                }
            },
            "validate": [
                {
                    "eq": [
                        "status_code",
                        200
                    ]
                },
                {
                    "eq": [
                        "headers.Content-Type",
                        "application/json; charset=utf-8"
                    ]
                },
                {
                    "eq": [
                        "body.url",
                        "https://postman-echo.com/get?foo1=bar1&foo2=bar2"
                    ]
                }
            ]
        },
        {
            "name": "/post",
            "request": {
                "url": "https://postman-echo.com/post",
                "method": "POST",
                "cookies": {
                    "sails.sid": "s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU"
                },
                "headers": {
                    "User-Agent": "PostmanRuntime/7.24.1",
                    "Accept": "*/*",
                    "Cache-Control": "no-cache",
                    "Postman-Token": "3e408e9d-25ca-4b31-b04b-7f4898a8cd49",
                    "Host": "postman-echo.com",
                    "Accept-Encoding": "gzip, deflate, br",
                    "Connection": "keep-alive",
                    "Content-Type": "application/x-www-form-urlencoded",
                    "Content-Length": "19",
                    "Cookie": "sails.sid=s%3AQG_EVeNRw8k1xxZ6v_SG401VTpmJDSRu.fTAGx3JnZUT7S0c2%2FrD9cxUhQemIsm78nifYZYHpPCU"
                },
                "data": {
                    "foo1": "bar1",
                    "foo2": "bar2"
                }
            },
            "validate": [
                {
                    "eq": [
                        "status_code",
                        200
                    ]
                },
                {
                    "eq": [
                        "headers.Content-Type",
                        "application/json; charset=utf-8"
                    ]
                },
                {
                    "eq": [
                        "body.data",
                        ""
                    ]
                },
                {
                    "eq": [
                        "body.url",
                        "https://postman-echo.com/post"
                    ]
                }
            ]
        }
    ]
}

YAML/JSON用例和pytest用例文件含有相同的信息,也可以使用hrun运行。

$ hrun har/postman-echo-post-form.json 
2020-06-15 15:37:15.621 | INFO     | httprunner.loader:load_dot_env_file:130 - Loading environment variables from /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/.env
2020-06-15 15:37:15.622 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:32 - Set OS environment variable: USERNAME
2020-06-15 15:37:15.622 | DEBUG    | httprunner.utils:set_os_environ:32 - Set OS environment variable: PASSWORD
2020-06-15 15:37:15.623 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:310 - start to make testcase: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/har/postman-echo-post-form.json
2020-06-15 15:37:15.625 | INFO     | httprunner.make:make_testcase:383 - generated testcase: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py
2020-06-15 15:37:15.625 | INFO     | httprunner.make:format_pytest_with_black:147 - format pytest cases with black ...
reformatted /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo/har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py
All done! ✨ 🍰 ✨
1 file reformatted, 1 file left unchanged.
2020-06-15 15:37:15.962 | INFO     | httprunner.cli:main_run:56 - start to run tests with pytest. HttpRunner version: 3.0.12
====================================================================== test session starts ======================================================================
platform darwin -- Python 3.7.5, pytest-5.4.2, py-1.8.1, pluggy-0.13.1
rootdir: /Users/debugtalk/Desktop/demo
plugins: metadata-1.9.0, allure-pytest-2.8.16, html-2.1.1
collected 1 item                                                                                                                                                

har/postman_echo_post_form_test.py .                                                                                                                      [100%]

======================================================================= 1 passed in 2.03s =======================================================================
本文总阅读量 本站访客数人次